REFLECTION OF CONSCIOUSNESS AND FAITH IN ALLAH IN ISLAMIC POETRY: ALI GEYLANI?S EULOGY OF TAWHID

Abstract

Author(s): Mehmet NAL Nurettin ALI?KAN

Tawhid, as the most important tenet of Islam with an uncompromising belief in the unity of God, is the fundamental source from which the Islamic literature derives its spirit. Tawhid’s holds the belief in Allah’s existence, His oneness, indivisibility, unique and his being sovereign over all what is created. A mumin/believer also believes in his attributives, acts and individuals’ helplessness and incompetence before His omnipotence. Almost every poet during the classical age of ?slamic literature created verses in tawhid, which has been generally approached on two main axes, one in reference to Kelam and the other Tasavvuf. If there is no prosaic prolog in poetry book in any form, its prolog has become with a poem called Tawhid. The poet has created his verse applying to literary arts such as the art of best beginning, quotation or referencing and so on. In this article a masnawi by Ali Geylanî a sixteenth century Persian poet with the title “Fî Na’t-? Nebî” has been studied regarding its content from the perspective of the views of the Kalam and Tasavvuf.

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