Author(s): Benjamin UCHENNA ANAEMENE
By the middle of the nineteenth century, international health cooperation had become well developed in response to the exigencies of the increasing international trade, migration and warfare. Initially, the approach was limited, as it was concerned with the protection of the Western hemisphere from contagious diseases resulting in the neglect of the developing countries. The establishment of World Health Organisation (WHO) in 1948 was therefore a departure from the existing tradition in view of its universal mandate. Using Nigeria as a case study, this paper examines the role of WHO in pursuance of its mandate of attainment of health by all peoples. It provides a historical analysis of the contributions of WHO to the development of Nigeria’s health sector from 1960 to 1975. It argues that Nigeria’s full membership of the Organisation in 1960 was a big fillip for the development of its health sector considering the fact that she could not on its own resource provide adequate health services for its teeming population.