PSYCHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF IBN SIDAH IN HIS DICTIONARY ?ALMUHKAM WA?L-MUH╬T AL-A?ZAM?

Abstract

Author(s): Ceyhun ├ťNL├ťER?

Abstract Ibn Sidah is the most famous linguist in Andalusia in the fifth century AH (Ibn Sidah died in 458 AH). He is the author of the dictionary “al-Muhkam wa’l-muhît al-a’zam” which is considered one of the most important lexical encyclopedias. Although Ibn Sidah was blind, the loss of vision was not an obstacle to explain his linguistic possession and his exceptional knowledge, but many of his contemporaries did not pay attention to his knowledge and deliberately ignored him, so this affected himself and began to show his anger and rage on many writers and criticize them and demonstrate his greatness and creativity Who surpasses others and decides that they are incapable of producing the same sciences and arts in language and literature and what serves Arabic language. Hence, the psychological analysis of the character of was Ibn Sidah extremely important Where he wrote two large different lexicons at the same time; One of them is general, and it is the “Al-Muhkam wal-muhit al-a'zam”, which is located in eleven volumes, and the other is special “al-Mukhassas”, which is located in five volumes; Hence, he had psychological trends that were reflected in his views, and we find in his writings what is significantly different from other authors in various fields, whether linguistic, morphological, grammatical, or literary. In this research, I tried to reveal the psychological dimension of Ibn Sidah through my presentation of his upbringing, learning, and the political trend that witnessed about a prominent personality who was able to offer important creativity in the field of linguistics.

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