PRISONS AND PRISONERS IN HUDAVENDIGAR PROVINCE (1914-1917)

Abstract

Author(s): Halim DEM?RYREK

The attempts to improve the circumstances of prisons, which began in Tanzimat Era and continued in the reign of Abdulhamid II, were conducted more systematically by “Young Turks”. In this context, their existing states were tried to be determined by sending surveys or questionnaires (sual varaklar?) in 1914 and the statistical campaigns (izahat varakalar?) in 1916 to the prisons. These documents were filled by the Ottoman officials commissioned in the prisons in sanjaks (subprovinces) and qazas (judicial districts) subject to Hüdâvendigâr Province and dispatched to the Ministry of Inferior (Dâhiliye Nezareti). Accordingly, there were prisons in all sanjaks and qazas in Hüdâvendigâr Province. Most of the prisons were in each government building in the aforesaid province, and public property. Besides, almost all of these prisons were old buildings, needed to be repaired or re-built. The number of total prison was 3.393 in 1914 and 2.092 in 1917.

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