PREHISTORIC COLONIZATION AND CULTURAL CHANGE IN EUROPE AND THE EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN

Abstract

Author(s): Izzet IVGIN

This is the first article in a series dedicated to colonization as a cause of cultural change. The present study focuses on the different meanings of the concept of “colony” and discusses the effects of colonization on prehistoric communities. In this paper, author will cite four examples of prehistoric colonization: 1- Upper Paleolithic colonization of Europe, 2- Expansion of the PPNB culture from the Northern Syria to the Southern Levant during the Middle PPNB (8200-7500 BC), probably brought by new peoples mingling with indigenous populations. 3- Neolithic colonization of Cyprus (8200 BC). 4- Colonization of temperate Europe by the Linear Pottery culture (5500 BC) and maritime pioneer colonization at the origins of farming in west Mediterranean Europe (Cardium pottery: 6400-5600): Interaction between hunter-gatherers and farmers during the Neolithic transition in Europe.

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