Author(s): Fatma ÇAPAN, Alican YENER

When the Eastern Roman Emperor Alexios Komnenos (1081-1118) demanded paid soldiers from Europe to expel the Turks from Anatolia, Pope II. The Crusades, whose foundations were laid in the Clermont Council in 1096 upon Urbanus' call to become the sole leader of the Christian world, have profoundly influenced world history for nearly 200 years. The “Crusader spirit an formed in Europe mobilized tens of thousands of people to expel Turks from Anatolia and save Jerusalem. However, although the Crusaders departed for these religious reasons, their real intention was to obtain economic interests. For this reason, the Crusader armies, which set out to help the so-called Christian brothers and sisters, refer to the lives and property of the Christians on their way before coming to Istanbul. Emperor Alexios Komnenos, who regarded these armies as a great danger for himself, made them swear vassalism by asking them to return them if they had seized the lands belonging to Eastern Rome before. As a result of the Crusade I, the Crusaders who conquered Urfa, Jerusalem, Antioch and established counties started to fight among themselves for the sovereignty of these places, aside from keeping their promises to the Emperor. One of these wars took place between Antakya and Urfa. These political conflicts between them have become quite complicated with the inclusion of Turkish orders and governors in the region. As a matter of fact, the disputes between the Emir of Aleppo, Ridvan and the Emir of Mosul, Çavl?, over the dominance of Aleppo, have resulted in the Antakya Prinkepsi Tankred and Urfa Count II. When Baudouin offered an alliance, a war broke out in the Telbasir area. The winner ofthis war was Tankred, the Count of Antakya, and Urfa County became defensive because it lost power. On the other hand, Çavl? had to give up his struggle and R?dvan, the Emir of Aleppo, was subjected to the attacks of Tankred, which was strengthened by him.


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