POL ITICAL L INGUISTICS PROBLEMS AND TRANSITION FROM CYRILLIC TO LATIN ALPHABET IN KAZAKHSTAN

Abstract

Author(s): Zhazira OTYZBAY

he Republic of Kazakstan will be completely converted to Latin alphabet in 2025. This issue was mentioned first time by President Nursultan Nazarbayev on October 24, 2006 on the Assembly of Nations meet ing. After that various discussions were started by Kazakh language experts, academician s, politicians, representatives of civil society organizations and the public. On December 14, 2012, when the “Kazakhstan-2050 ” Strategy Programme was announced to the public by the President, was also mentioned the transition to Latin alphabet in 2025. It was brought to the agenda again and discussions continued on this issue in Kazakhstan. It was observed that the Kazakhstan society was not ready to pass to the Latin alphabet. However, with the Decree No. 569 on the Transition to the Latin alphabet approved by the President on 26 October 2017, the issue has re-emerged. This time, the transition to the Latin alphabet was met with great excitement by the Kazakhstan society. Hence, hundreds of New Kazakh Latin Alphabets drafts were proposed to the Parliament and two drafts have been accepted so far and the final draft was approved on February 19, 2018.The fact that the being mul ti ethnical and bilingual society of Kazakhstan plays an important role in the delay of the transition of the independent Republic of Kazakhstan to the Latin alphabet. This important phenomenon has delayed the transition to the Kazakh national Latin alphabet and hampered the widespread and effective use of Kazakh language, which has the status of state language, in all areas of life. In the present study, the history of the alphabets used in Kazakhstan and the political, juristic and political linguistic reasons of the alphabet changes are discussed.

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