PERSONAL AND COLLECTIVE IDENTITY - NATIONAL IDENTITY IN THE CONTEXT OF ?MANASăI ? DESTANCI? AND 'MANAS EPIC'

Abstract

Author(s): Sibel TURHAN TUNA

Manas epic is one of the longest epic of the Turkish oral tradition. The epic caries sings of the old national epics and also national culture. The famous Manas epic, which is an encyclopaedic work, owes its famous great Manasç? who transfers all epic in the oral tradition environment or destanc? / ?rç?, who transfers a portion, of the epic or Semeteyci, Seytekçi, who is called according to topic, which is belonged to the Manas epic. It is possible to find identical individual a sense between Destanc?, who is trained in the tradition, and Manas epic hero , whom is transfered from historical tradition. Thus, both of them serve a common ideal. This ideal is only heart which have a pulse for the same homeland of the whole nation. Thus, great Manasç? or destanc?/ ?rç? who puts forth his personal identity during the performing of the Manas epic is an individual firstly recognizes himself and than his history. Hence, ?n our opinion, Manas epic, which is transfered in oral tradition or is compiled and is written from destanc? or direct it is written by epic author, is elected national leader; leader of the powerful wife; weapons of the leader: arrow, bow, spear, sword; the nation's sacred symbol: tu? / flag; holy homeland for which, is give up all loved ones; is rescued the nation fromcaptivity (nation who won the new victory); the continuation of the lineage leader – sons…such these , is carrier and reflective of the Turkish culture and its national identity, which is a version of collective identity. Concequently, the scope of this study Manasç? or destanc? creates addressing the social – psychology in where there is a personal identity and national identity which is a version of collective identity and also covers in some variants examples of the Manas epic, which are Sag?mbay Orozbako?lu, W. Radloff, Kene? Yusupov determination of the elements of national identity that it was emphasized above

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