OVALIK K?L?KYA?DA B?R B?ZANS SINIR SAVUNMA YAPISI: LAMAS KALES?

Abstract

Author(s): Hasan BUYRUK

Castles, which are one of the most important structures in the history of architecture, have a prominent place in the history of Kilikya. Many of them still stand partly despite the destructive effects of man and nature. Lamas Castle, situated in the coastal line of Kilikya is one of the military constructions which have hosted numerous events. Lamas Castle, 37 km far from Mersin and of which the exact date of construction is unknown, is important for its function in the past. The castle, built by Byzantines both separated the border of Byzantium from Arabs and was a place where the war prisoners were exchanged. Byzantines had built the castle with 84x30 meter scales on a hill of 19 meters. This moderate castle, as known from its scales, had two towers in the east part, it ends in oval shape in the west including the interior parts. On the northern and southern walls exist two more towers with rectangular shape. The castle which has almost been destroyed has its walls of 1.80 and 3.80 meters. Besides its history, the castle is studied in parts in the present article and similar castles are named in the evaluation part.

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