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ONLINE LEARNING ATTITUDE SCALE: DEVELOPMENT, VALIDITY AND RELIABILITY

Abstract

Author(s): ?lker USTA, Ömer UYSAL, Muhammet Recep OKUR

This research involves validity and reliability studies of a developing attitude scale that aims to measure the attitudes of university students towards online learning. The study of student’s attitude towards online learning can in many ways help managers and teachers for better preparation in terms of open and distance learning for the future. The scale was administered to 174 university students from Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences in Anadolu University. The research data was obtained from the 5 point Likert type scale with 44 items. The results of the EFA indicated that the scale has four factors including 20 items. The online learning scale including 20-items was developed on four domains as general acceptance; individual awareness; perceived usefulness and application effectiveness to online learning. As a result of factor analyses to test the construct validity of the scale; it was identified that 20 scale items can be associated with 4 factors and explains %63,821 total variance of the scale. It has been found that Cronbach alpha ranks are for the first factor: 0.77, for the second factor: 0.85, forthe third factor: 0.79 and for the fourth factor: 0.68 respectively. In consequence of the reliability analysis; the coefficient of internal consistency regarding the whole scale is found 0,90. While the correlation of total factor points are in medium levels; the relation between the whole scale and all factors are notably high. The results of CFA indicated that factor structure fit with the data. It is concluded that the scale is a reliable and a valid tool for measuring the attitudes of the students in the university towards online learning.

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