OCEANUS, TETHYS AND THALSSA FIGURES IN THE LIGHT OF ANTIOCH AND ZEUGMA MOSAICS

Abstract

Author(s): ehnaz ERASLAN

The iconography of Oceanus and Tethys is a composition depicted both together and individually especially on the floor mosaics of pools and baths in the period of Roman Empire. When we analyze the samples gained from Europe, Asia and Northern Africa where the Roman Empire reigned, we determine that goddess acted as the wife of Oceanus just on Asia mosaics. In Late Ancient Period, Tethys was described as Thalassa, the personalized form of the sea. These mosaics have appeared mostly in Antioch (Antakya) and Zeugma. The objective of this paper is to analyse the figures of Oceanus and Tethys typologic and iconographic in the light of certain mosaic examples selected from the Roman Period.

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