OBSERVATIONS OF BRITISH LIEUTENANT COMMANDER H. C. LUKE IN AYDIN PROVINCE AFTER THE GREEK OCCUPATION (10-21 SEPTEMBER 1919)

Abstract

Author(s): Y羹cel ZTRK

Identifying and registering the devastation and destruction left behind by wars with the right resources and methods is as important as the war. Accordingly, it is a known practice to send official or unofficial observers to the territories of the countries subjected to destruction during or at the end of wars within the framework of the norms of international law or the personal expectations of the states. Confidential or apparent reports issued as a result of these implementations are some of the main sources in determining the results of devastation and serve to set light on history. One of these reports that presented data on the Turkish War of Independence is the observations of Lieutenant Commander H. C. Luke. Lieutenant Commander H. Luke from the British Hms.Iron Duke ship was assigned by the Supreme Commander of the Mediterranean Army, High Commissioner, Sir J. de Robeck, to make observations on the Greek invasion in Ayd?n Province which is a fait-accompli after the troops were landed in Izmir. Luke's observations and detection activities took place between 10-21 September 1919. The British Lieutenant Commander, expressed the information he obtained during his observations by meeting with local administrators in the region, members of the Greek occupation force, representatives of the minority religion, the leaders of the local Turkish irregulars and the intelligence officers of the Allied Powers in his report dated November 6, 1919. In the study, it is aimed to reveal the evaluations of Ayd?n’s occupation process and afterwards in the light of the report prepared by Luke and which has been examined in detail before. In this scope, the general population and social structure of the region was introduced by using a thematic method, the developments before and after the occupation of Ayd?n were shown, the sociopolitical goals of the Greeks were created and specific details are provided about “the actions of hiding in the trojan horse and turning their opportunity into spoils”.

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