OBJECTIONS TO THE ?TURING TEST " FROM ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE STUDIES IN THE CONTEXT OF PHILOSOPHY OF MIND

Abstract

Author(s): M. Se癟il YAPIK, Ahmet EY?M

In this article, A. M. Turing's work on artificial intelligence, known as the “Turing Test,” has been studied. Artificial intelligence is a study that assumes that the human brain works just like a computer, and therefore machines capable of mimicking the human brain can be made. The majority of scientists working on artificial intelligence have considered the Turing Test to be the breaking point for assessments in this area. However, the fact that the “mindedness”of the machines is determined according to this test result has brought controversy. Specifically “The Chinese Room Experiment)”, ” Theological objects“,” the Heads in the Sand object“, "Mathematical objects")”,such criticisms have been introduced. This article will focus on these objections. Of opposing views, especially the American language philosopher J. Searle's” China Room argument " will be focused on. Although Searle considers the experiment to be a definitive rejection of “computationalism”, which suggests that the brain is a computer (hardware) and the mind is a computer program (software), it is not as convincing to many scientists as Searle thinks. This study is based on the Turing test for artificial intelligence studies and will be examined on the basis of Turing's general understanding of the mind and the persuasiveness of the test will be discussed based on the criticisms of the test

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