Author(s): Erhan GÜLCAN

The effectiveness of the welfare states has lifted, after World War II. These states have militated for their social security systems which provide protection for their citizens against work-related risks. Subsequently, it has been included non work-related risks on system. Rising competition in the globalization process has caused to increase the risks like as unemployment and poverty as well as occupational accident and professional disease. Also, population is ageing in European Union (EU) other than risk mentioned. In this sense, new challenges have surfaced in areas such as the pension system and health and care services. All these indicate that the need for social protection provided by the social security system increases. In EU, the level of protection against these risks vary from one country to another due to the typology of welfare state adopted. For example, northern welfare states provide a high level of protection against risks both work-related and non work-related. In addition, corporate welfare states with Bismarck type social security system such as Germany, Holland, Belgium provide a high level protection against work-related risks; but a low level protection against non work-related risks. In the Anglo-Saxon countries, minimum protection is provided against both risks. Turkey has adopted the Bismarck type regime predominantly. However, it has provided low level protection against work-related risks, especially occupational accidents and occupational diseases. However, the number of fatal work accidents as well as the number of unemployed and the poors are high. The aim of the study is to examine the impact of the rising risks in the globalization process on the social security system


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