Author(s): Girayalp KARAKU?
Although the formation of the Young Republic is regarded as fait accompli, the truth is not like this. We can say
that the proclamation of the republic is based on a certain historical accumulation, historical background and struggle for
democracy. What was in mind of the majority of the Unionist cadres was the declaration of the republic and the
transition to parliamentary democracy. At the end of the long years of war, it was to follow a policy of balance between
the Great Powers, which were in the hearts of the Unionists and the founders of the young republic. However, the
intervention of the First Sharing War and the Balkan Wars prevented this policy from being followed. After the War of
Independence, these aspirations were realized one by one by Atatürk himself. First of all, Atatürk implemented the“Peace at Home Peace and Peace at Home” approach in foreign policy, he managed to eliminate his opponents in order to apply his revolutions within the country and he enabled the formation of a stable Turkey both inside and outside. Of course, this has not been easy; great struggles have been made for this, resentment, separations, exiles and even deaths were examined. The war of power, especially between the Unionists and Atatürk, left its mark on the period. It is known that Atatürk has been disagreeing with the Unionist cadres since his military years. After the War of Independence ended with success, this struggle reignited and this struggle would end with the clearing up the Unionists. Our aim in this study is to express the historical background of the formation of the young republic and its effects on the foreign policy followed by the cadres of the republic. Internal policy was also included to complete the pattern of the events. The struggles in domestic politics later caused breaks in Ataturk's approach to the events. In our study, the historical realities that are desired to be expressed by referring to the articles, newspapers and books of many authors are explained.