NATIONALISM IN MACEDONIA AND DEVELOPMENTS EFFECTING IDENTITY FACTORS: 1875-1930 PERIOD

Abstract

Author(s): Reyhan RAHMAN

Balkan geography, which is one of the important junction points of East and West, has been the maneuver area of many nations or states in ancient history. Beginning in ancient Rome, internal and external borders have never been clearly defined in the Balkans, where many different ethnicities, religions and languages live. However, due to cultural, historical, religious, ethnic conflicts and the claims of the regional states on each other, the relations have been quite fragile and the borders have changed constantly. At the beginning of the 19th century, Macedonia was seen as a geographical area, not as a state, and divided into three categories: Greece, Serbia and Bulgaria, Aegean Macedonia, Vardar Macedonia and Pirin Macedonia. It was then subjected to the occupation of Bulgarians; it was included in the sovereignty of others without establishing its own unity in the first and second Yugoslavia. When asked what the sources of identity and nationalism are in Macedonia, no clear answer can be given. The main reason for this is Macedonia's ethnicity, religion, language, culture and so on. in terms of diversity. For this reason, it is not possible to speak of a nationalism in the known sense for Macedonia, which has experienced a fate which is identical with its name “complex, patchy, fragmented boyunca throughout history. The development of Macedonian nationalism seems to be based on two main elements. First, nationalism has been placed on “others” and “threats of occupation ?ndan in Macedonia, as intellectual developments have been weak for centuries under the rule of others. The second has evolved in the form of efforts to identify and recognize their identity in response to others' claims of rights. In this study, explanations about the developments and events in Macedonia between 1875 and 1930, which are important in establishing the intellectual foundations of Macedonian Identity and Macedonian Nationalism, were made. This study is important in terms of revealing the political history of Macedonia in international relations.

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