Author(s): Burçin UÇANER ÇİFDALÖZ

During the Seljuk and Ottoman period, many ?ifahanes (hospitals) were built and im-portant scientists of the period from the 9th century until the 19th century included music and health issues in their works. In the last period of the Ottoman Empire, some ?ifahanes (hospi-tals) were closed and some of them were destroyed in wars. Then, music therapy the use of music as a therapeutic agent was forgotten until the end of the 1970s. Later on, some articles on the subject were written and interventions were carried out under the name of music thera-py. These practices are based on the interventions of music-based practices in hospitals. In 2013, music therapy was included as a field in the Department of Traditional and Comple-mentary Medicine of the Ministry of Health. Since 2018, universities have begun to issue cer-tificates of music therapy approved by the Ministry of Health. Since there is no undergradu-ate, graduate and doctoral level training, the number of music therapists is extremely insuffi-cient in Turkey. Health workers or musicians are performing music-based practices with end-of-life care and dementia patients and these practices are viewed as music therapy. Ultimately, the services provided in end-of-life care and dementia in Turkey are not music therapy appli-cations, but rather musicbased interventions conducted by musicians or healthcare profes-sionals


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