MUGHAL EMPEROR AKBAR AND HIS CAPITAL: THE FATEHPUR S?KR?

Abstract

Author(s): Yalç?n KAYALI

Akbar was only thirteen when his father Humayum died. In the beginning Bairam Khan, his tutor, helped him to rule. Bairam Khan defeated Hemu at Panipat in 1556. Bairam Khan also conquered Ajmer, Gwalior, Jaunpur and other areas for Akbar. Akbar conquered territories from the north to the Deccan and from the west to the east. In central India he took over Malwa and Gondwana. In Rajasthan he conquered Amber, part of Mewar, Bikaner and Jodhpur. Gujarat, Bengal, Kandhar, Bihari, Sind came under his control. Finally, Ahmadnagar and Khandesh in the Deccan were annexed. Akbar’s children had hitherto died; but 1959, shortly after he had made a pilgrimage to a celebrate shrine at Ajmer, and paid a visit to Sheikh Salim Chishti, in the village of Sikari, his favorite sultana gave birth to his son Salim. In the following year another son, whom called Murad, was born. As both births had taken place in the village of Sikari, he regarded it as a particularly propitious spot, and selected it as the site of a city, which at a layer period received the name Fatehpur S?kr?

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