MOSQUE ON THE CROSS? HAGIA SOPHIA IN TURKISH POETRY

Abstract

Author(s): zg羹r GED?KL?

Hagia Sophia, one of the largest and magnificent structures in the world when it was built, has had an important place in history by being located in the center of Istanbul which was the capital of Byzantine and Ottoman for many years. Fatih Sultan Mehmet turned it into a mosque this temple after the conquest of Istanbul in 1453 and devoted him to his will to protect it as a mosque. It was closed to the public in the 1930 and then turned into a museum with the decision of the Council of Ministers dated 24 November 1934. Hagia Sophia was opened on 24 July 2020 with the Council of State canceled this decision on 10 July 2020. Hagia Sophia has been given a symbolic importance, changes in status, demands and discussions have progressed in accordance with the symbolism, its reflection in literature has also been suitable for the memory of the place. It became the subject with its aesthetic features in divan poetry, handled with the awareness of conquest against the West after the Tanzimat, this approach was maintained until converted into a museum. Patriotics saw it as the symbol of the conquest and wanted it to regain its former identity against the message given to the West by being transformed into a museum. This structure was ignored by materialists while Islamists opposed the mentality that turned this mosque into a museum and demanded the return of its former identity. In this study, the reflection of Hagia Sophia from divan poetry to the present will be examined and how it is handled and perceived in poems written in different periods will be evaluated.

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