MILITARY PROPAGANDA POSTERS DURING THE SECOND WORLD WAR WITHIN THE SAMPLE OF UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

Abstract

Author(s): Burak BOYRAZ, Ali CANTRK

The Government of Franklin D. Roosevelt, who generated the necessary labour power and financial support required for an absolute victory for the Second World War out of inner sources by means of propaganda, used the same method to satisfy the needs of the military. To this end, an official propaganda center entitled Office of War Information was established and many propaganda posters have been prepared to encourage the public to support the military. In this study, which is entitled Military Propaganda Posters During the Second World War Within The Sample of the United States of America, the policy of visual propaganda adopted by the United States during the Second World War will be analysed based on the Office of War Information and military propaganda posters.

In the first part of the study, the method, scope and the definitions will be clarified, whereas in the second part, the military situation in The United States during the Second World War will be examined. After this part, where the public-centred attempts initiated with the aim of The Government of F. D. Roosevelt to have a powerful army during the war are analysed, the issue of propaganda and The United States will be dealth with and the activities of the Office of War Information will be presented. In the following part, samples from the posters designed for military propaganda are visually analysed. In the final part, the extent to which such posters were successful in recruiting soldiers for the army and their effects on the understanding of visual design prevalent in the era will be examined.

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