Author(s): Orhan TURAN
History of Cyprus is one of infectious diseases. For centuries, native folks of the island have been fighting against various infectious diseases. Malaria is one of them. Being “native” to the Mediterranean, basin, malaria claimed many lives through centuries. Institutional studies and measures that were started against infectious diseases during the Ottoman time were further carried out under the British rule through legal regulations, medical organizations and scientific contributions. By the twentieth century, a considerable progress had been made in preventing malaria on the island. However, with arrival of the British scientist Ronald Ross on the island, the fight against malaria took a scientific dimension. In this context, this study focuses on measures taken as part of the fight against malaria; studies carried out in rural areas, distribution of quinine and goldfish, controls on the population structure, drainage and improvement of swamplands and small water basins. Hence, the study examines measures taken as part of the fight against malaria between 1913 and 1926.