MARKS OF GENDER CATEGORY IN TURKISH LANGUAGE

Abstract

Author(s): Enfel DOAN

Sex and gender are under a grammatical category of the words in several languages, which shows the differentation presented in terms of masculinity, feminity or neutrality. While the category of gender exists in most of IndoEuropean languages and in the languages belonging to the semitic languages, it doesn’t exist in Altaic languages and Turkish language. So the words don’t have gender. However, it is affirmed by some linguists that the morphemes regarded as gender affixes take place in some words in Turkish language. When Turkish vocabulary are investigated to be able to see the traces of gender category, morphological features are not encountered as in the languages which have this category. But, considering the existance of some examples, it is possible to entitle and offer a suggestion. In this article, regarding the opinions over the subject, an evaluation will be carried out, the examples we think they have traces of gender category in terms of semantic and lexical will be classified and some new terms will be proposed.

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