MALES THAT COULD NOT BE ?WHOLE MEN? IN THE NOVELS OF HILMI ZIYA ULKEN

Abstract

Author(s): Jale OZATA DIRLIKYAPAN

Hilmi Ziya Ülken (1901-1974) is one of the most important social scientists of the Turkish history of thought. He wrote several essays in the fields of philosophy, sociology, education, literature, etc. He also intended to write eight novels titled “?nsan Meddücezri” but he could wrote only two of them. In these two novels, it could be observed that postures of being distant to modernity, being a dominant and strong masculine were problematized. A writer who was arbiter in social sciences, with the novels he wrote at the end of 1930’s, questionized the typology of idealist task man and draw attention to social conflicts. In this article, two novels of Ülken named Yar?m Adam and Posta Yolu are going to be analyzed in terms of relationships of men and women and fictions of masculinity. Also it is going to be pointed out to the individuality which makes himself apparent under the social content with the unsaturated desires trying to get involved in this content and transform it.

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