M. NOURBESE PHILIP AND PROBLEM OF MOTHER TONGUE

Abstract

Author(s): Halil ?brahim ARPA

Antilles has brought in resonant figures like Fanon, Cesaire and Walcott for post-colonial studies. M. Nourbese Philip, from Tobago, is one of the recent ones as an innovative poet with her postmodernist demotic style. Because foreign language education in colonial lands and in today’s neo-colonial world is not widely studied for post-colonial field, this study examines her poem Discourse on the Logic of Language to demonstrate how language of colonizers damages original language/s of a colony. With help of unproportional force considering not only a military power, colonizer metropoles do not merely exploit lands but also deconstruct their culture and language to be able to remain there even after decolonization for their imperial goals. The most principle of them is making English dominant over local languages and so replacing primitive culture with an English taste in time by means of literature in oriental education systems in colonies. On the basis of a Western canonized world, Philip responds to its colonial discourses by struggling for clues of her African origin to be able to construct a tradition devoid of less Eurocentric norms. In her mother country, English is not a second language but a mother tongue which is still controversial in her poetics. And, because languages of past is wiped out; a life without English seems not possible in spite of her great literary endeavour. In short, she has no other choice; Philip has only English to express her own experiences.

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