Author(s): Ruzbeh BABAEE
Eugene O'Neill (1888-1953) in his plays Long Day's Journey into Night (1941) has thought a great deal about man in relation to his both individual and social environments and has criticized the whole structure of American society. Eugene O'Neill may not have intended his play, Long day's Journey into Night, to be a psychoanalytic work; however, examples of Freudian theory seem to be on every page. The reason for the numerous examples of Freudian concepts derives from the fact that both the play and psychoanalysis are about family, or more precisely "familial relationships". O'Neill did not accept the illusions and the ideals that were created by "The American Dream". He has criticized the social values. His attitude toward American family and its values is critical and in Long Day's Journey into Night, he has focused on the failure and the collapse of both American family and American society. The present study highlights O'Neill's exploration on human consciousness and the influence of culture in both familial and social contexts in Long Day's Journey into Night.