KNOWLEDGE AND UTILIZATION OF JOB ENRICHMENT TECHNIQUES AMONG AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION MANAGERS IN BOTSWANA AND NIGERIA

Abstract

Author(s): O. I. OLADELE, A. O. AKINSOROTAN, A. A. AJADI

This paper examined the knowledge and utilization of job enrichment techniques among agricultural extension managers in Botswana and Nigeria based on the fact that there is need diversification of the economy from being mineral dependent and agricultural extension is faced with limited funds and manpower to carry out its functions. Structuring jobs and roles correctly is very important in elevating the motivation of employees, which is addressed by job enrichment which is an important ingredient to reinforce the motivational factors. Using a random sampling technique, this study examined the knowledge and utilization of job enrichment techniques among extension managers in the two countries. Data were collected with a structured questionnaire that has a reliability coefficient of 0.85 using the split-half technique and were analyzed with frequency counts, percentages, multiple regressions and t-test. The result shows that the knowledge and utilization of job enrichment techniques were low among managers in the two countries. Important predictors of job enrichment utilization are information sources on job enrichment, educational level, age and years of experience. A significant difference exists in the knowledge of job enrichment techniques between Botswana and Nigeria. The paper recommends that training should be provide to extension manger on job enrichment and other job related concepts in order to improve performance of their subordinates.The paper has shown how extension managers can be more effective without additional resources due to the fact that resources available for public extension mangers are increasingly reduced.

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