?KIERKEGAARD?S VIEW OF PERSON?

Abstract

Author(s): Dr. Kamuran GDELEK

Kierkegaard rejects the view of person that has formed the foundation of the modern approaches of person which consider the person by abstracting the person his/her particular existence and his/her peculiar point of view. For Kierkegaard what can be said primarily is that he is a subjectivist. Kierkegaard’s subjectivity means that he determines the value according to the individual or the subject. In his own words “subjectivity is truth; subjectivity is actuality” ((Kierkegaard 1992a: 343). There are no absolute truths, absolute values to instruct our lives. According to Kierkegaard, the passage to the realm of subjective existence is possible only if the individual is aware of his /her own existence as an individual human being. These, as Kierkegaard calls them, are the realms of existence. Kierkegaard considers these three realms of existence as esthetic, ethic and religious existence stages in a person’s life. According to Kierkegaard, these three realms of existence also correspond to three life styles. Thus, there are esthetes who carry the characteristics of esthetic stage, there are tragic heroes who carry the characteristics of ethical stage, and there are knights of faith who carry the characteristics of religious stage. However, ethic stage is the most wanted or preferred stage among others. That’s why, Kierkegaard claims that the most important either / or choice in life is not “the choice made between good and bad” which belongs to the ethical stage, but rather the choice which is made by the individual by “either choosing good or bad / or leaving them aside”.

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