KHALID AL-BAGHDADI AND SOME THOUGHTS ON ?RIS黛AT AL-FARZ VA AL-SUNNAH?

Abstract

Author(s): ?smail NAR?N

Khalid al-Baghdadi is one of the most prominent personages of the Sufism history. He was the founder of Khalidiyya branch of Naqshbandiyya tariqa (an Islamic path) and attributed special significance to the loyalty to sharia. He emphasized the necessity to study the shari (legal) sciences and especially pointed out the importance to be occupied with fiqh. Being subject to the Quran and Sunnah, not deviating from the Salaf al-Salih’s (the righteous predecessors) path and avoiding bidahs (innovation without root) are among the basic fields emphasized within his thought system. Khalid al-Baghdadi educated masses in the geography he lived in, was proactive in living the actual dimension of religion, and penned various risalats in this way. In one of his Farsi risalats, written as a letter, he explains to some of his followers that had switched to Shafiyya sect from the Hanafiyya, the pillars (arkans) and provisions of prayer (salah). Since I find the fact that a sufism leader carrying out ershad (guidance in Islam) activities has particularly emphasized the shari rules and addressed wudu (ablution) and salah (prayer), two essential issues of ilmihal field, important, I will put forward some ideas based on this risalat (booklet) within the bounds of possibility offered by an article.

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