Author(s): Hüseyin KÖFTÜRCÜ
In terms of Judaism, Christianity and Islam, Jerusalem is an important city where sanctity is concentrated and different forms and motifs come together. Because of this characteristic, Jerusalem is the “city of friendship” in the tradition of the heavenly religions. The Jews who lived in the Promised Land of Canaan were subjected to difficult conditions such as slavery, even though they migrated to Egypt because of these reasons. To put an end to this situation, they migrated again to the land of Canaan under the leadership of Moses. King David, who gathered huddle the Jews together, defeated the Philistines. Solomon built the Jerusalem Temple, which has had a distinct religious and national significance in the Jewish tradition, and the Babylonians and Romans destroyed it. Also living of Jesus in Jerusalem, the predecessor and founder of Christianity, his education activities at the Mount of Olives and eating the Last Supper in Jerusalem show that Jerusalem has a particular importance for Christians. This interest of Jesus towards in Jerusalem has always kept his agenda actuality. Therefore, Jerusalem has become a place where Christians perform pilgrimage rituals and has always been considered as sacred. For Muslims, Jerusalem has importance, because it is the first prayer direction, the event of Isra and Miraj occurred there, Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa resides in that city of, also it hosts to several prophets such as Abraham. In this communiqué, overlapping and diverging dimensions of Jerusalem in the context of heavenly religions will be examined.