ISFAHAN: ACCORDING TO THE ISLAMIC GEOGRAPHERS

Abstract

Author(s): Cihat AYDO?MU?O?LU

Isfahan -settled on a large plateau- is a historic city in the mid-western part of Iran. Generally, the name of the city is considered to be the word “horse soldiers”. Isfahan is important cities in during the reign of Elamite Empire. The city became the home of the Persian in the beginning of the 7th century BC. It has been home to the Jews since Persian King Cyrus the Great. After the Sassanids, Arab population located in the region in the period of Islamic conquest. After that the city entered the Turkish dominance in the 11th century (in the time of Toghrul Beg). Isfahan -as a capital city- has undergone quite a prosperous cycle in the era of Seljuk ruler Malik Shah. After that Ilkhanid, Timurid and Aq Qoyunlu states took hold the city. Isfahan was conquered by Safavid in the 16th century. The city was the most spectacular mountain range by transfering to the capital of state in the period of mighty ruler Shah Abbas the Great (1587-1629). In this article we will try to shed light on the political and socio-cultural status of the city of Isfahan between the 9th and 10th centuries, according to the Islamic geographers and historians. The historical frame of our study will mostly be from the process of Sasani and Islam conquests to the Seljuk domination. Together with that we will try to reflect the information on the voyages within the same time frame

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