IS IT POSSIBLE FOR HUMAN REACH THE STAGE OF AL-NAFS AL-MUTMAINNAH? THE PRINCIPLES AND METHODS OF THE QUR'AN RELATED TO THE SUBJECT

Abstract

Author(s): Hacer A?IK EV

Allah has created man in a perfect way and equipped him with the means and potential powers that will help him grow as an autonomous individual, a perfect human being. If his positive potential powers can be unearthed and developed, he will be able to assume central roles in the functioning of the universe and destiny and this “small world in the great world”, which can rise to the top in terms of virtues, forgets its purpose and responsibilities and transcends the boundaries by obeying its wishes and desires as well as by running after them, if the axis shifts, it has the potential to go down below. In this study, the principles and methods in the Qur'an, which will help people to rise from the stage of al-nafs al-emmarah to al-nafs al-levvamah and from there to the stage of al- nafs al-mutmainnah, and to continue their life in a stable manner, are tried to be indicated. In the study, which is a qualitative research, the research data have been collected by document analysis method and the analysis of the data has been made by descriptive and critical content analysis. Some of the principles and methods of the Qur'an, which help people who are born immaculately to maintain their purity and innocence and to achieve their perfection by reaching the stage of the al-nafs al-mutmainnah, can be listed as “faith, worship, prayer, repentance in Islam, tawakkul, gratitude, purification, distancing from desire, good morals and a good deed”. It is possible for man to realize his perfection with a suitable psycho-socio-cultural environment and education.

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