Author(s): A. Sait SNMEZ

The Persian Gulf, regarded as the “heart” of the Middle East, witnessed the struggle of regional hegemony that took place between Iran and Iraq, which are the two important representatives of Arabic and Persian culture, during the 20 th century. The balances in the area changed drastically with the United States of America’s (USA) invasion of Iraq in 2003. One of the most important results of the war is that Iran, seizing the opportunity for strategic expansion in the Middle East in general and in the Persian Gulf in particular, attained indisputable supremacy against Iraq. After the invasion of Iraq The Teheran administration started to reshape its relations with Iraq. Iran’s Iraqi policy on the subjects such as Iraqi Shiites, Northern Iraqi Regional Kurdish Administration, economic and commercial relationships is analyzed in this paper.


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