IRAN - OTTOMAN RELATIONS AND BANNING OF MARRIAGES FOR THE OTTOMAN WOMEN WITH THE IRANIAN SUBJECS AND IT?S APPLICATIONS WITHIN THE CONTEXT OF THE MODERNIZATION ATTEMPTS OF OTTOMAN EMPIRE

Abstract

Author(s): Galip A? and Sel癟uk URAL

This study aims to present a detailed research about the policy and practice of banning marriages between the Ottomans and Iranians since the beginning of Tanzimat (Administrative Reforms), an important turning point in the Ottoman history, until the decline of the Ottoman Empire. Although this practice of banning is considered to have been started in the second half of the 19th century and ended just before the declaration of the lst Constitutionalism Period (1. Me?rutiyet) according to many researchers, in fact this practice existed earlier than these defined dates. And this argument is one of the significant points which led us to a detailed research on this topic. Although there are several documents, in particular the ones dated H. 1303-1305 that are taken into consideration in this article, which verified the concrete application of banning during the era of Abdülhamit II, it is also emphasised in this study that the Islamic code as the fundamental initiative of this practice was another main reason. Even though the documents studied so far is proving the ban to have been imposed on the Ottoman women, in fact our study proves that this prohibition was put into practice without taken into consideration gender differences while the main reason behind it, in fact is based on the religious factions.

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