INVESTIGATION OF USING GIS AND REMOTE SENSING TECHNIQUES THAT OCCURRED COASTAL AREA AND COASTLINE TEMPORAL CHANGES ON THE EAST COAST OF THE GULF OF IZMIT

Abstract

Author(s): Murat UZUN

The interaction of many different geomorphological elements of the development of coastal areas and hosts and the layout of these elements are natural-human factors, the change in the residents. The coastline is experiencing the elements temporally on the coastal regions. Coastal area have been experiencing major changes so coastline of progress and decline. The changes of the coast is out of the development of morpho dimanik, directly and indirectly to human interventions ocur to create of the great effect in the coastal ecosystems have different environments. The coastline-coastal area determination of effect of temporal changes have occurred, and the coast sustainably for planning in recent years using remote sensing and GIS techniques are carried out. This studies are being detected in the temporal dimensions of change that occurred on the coast, are made and why the change maps for distribution of produced data and information to be filed. Changes in the coastal areas of this data and information can be used for works of usage of coastal and of coastal management. In this study, East coast of Gulf of Izmit explored so far experiencing to an important change of coastal. In study, change of coastline and coastal area that occured have been studied from 1965 to now. The changes in the coastline have been identified, the coastal area of 7 different date progress and regression is one of the long term has been found in 6 different period. As a result of the studies, coast of East of Gulf of Izmit has been seen of length of the coastline off the this area is a decrease in the North of the shore, progress and regress in area of deltas, Kiraz river delta areas in the wake of the progress.

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