INVESTIGATION OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS' PERCEPTION OF DEMOCRACY IN TERMS OF POLITICAL PARTICIPATION

Abstract

Author(s): Mehmet PEKKAYA, H羹seyin AVU?O?LU, Tu?癟e BAYRAM

In the past, day-to-day individuals have introduced different meanings to the concept of democracy, and today democracy is at the top of the most talked-about concepts. It can be said that there are great differences in the understanding of democracy for centuries. The change in the definition of democracy can be attributed to the change of social conditions and the complexity of social structure.Both democracy and political participation are the main topics of political science. It can be said that there is a close relation between democracy perception and political participation. Day-to-day democracy was applied in different forms from ancient Greek civilization. Similarly, in ancient times, day-to-day individuals participated in politics at various levels. Especially II. After World War II, democratic governments came to the forefront, and with the widespread representation of democracy, differences in the dimensions of political participation emerged.The level of democracy perception and political participation varies from country to country. Universities reflect the qualities of the social structure they live in. The relationship between perception of democracy and political participation of university students, who may have an important position in our country, is of great importance. The aim of the study is to examine the perception of democracy and the perception of ZBEU students in terms of political participation.In this context, since the concept of democracy is discussed in detail, the theories of militant democracy and liberal democracy have been mentioned. In the last part, political participation was discussed and the results of the survey were evaluated.According to the results of the research, students have high liberal democracy among the factors; whereas they have scored very low on political participation. A weak relationship between liberal democracy and traditional and non-traditional participation; There was no relationship between sex and factors. When we look at the relationship between voter commitment and factors, there is a difference between liberal democracy and voter commitment. Unstable voters, liberal democracy has shown higher participation. On the basis of faculties, it is seen that the political participation scores of the Faculty of Theology are higher than other faculties. Among the age and the factors, 23 years and over group, post modern participation gave higher scores. The average income of the family is 3000 TL and the post-modern participation of the students with over 3000 is high; liberal democracy is the highest score of the students who define themselves as socialist and social democrat; those who define themselves as Islamist and nationalist conservatives have been given low scores in liberal democracy

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