INVESTIGATION OF THE USE OF PEGANUM HARMALA L. IN HEALTH CARE IN MEDIEVAL ANATOLIA

Abstract

Author(s): Meryem GRBZ, H羹seyin DO?AN

Peganum harmala L., known by the locals as üzerlik, ilezik, nazar otu, üzellik, üzerik, üzerrik, üzeriyh, yabani sedef otu, yüzellik, yüzerlik. It is a well-known and widely used plant in traditional medicine in Greek, Roman, Arab and Turkish civilizations. In Medieval Anatolia parts of the plant such as seeds, leaves and roots have been used in the treatment of various diseases after getting through processes like roasting, crushing and boiling. Since Peganum harmala L. is a plant known by both Western and Eastern cultures, it is important in terms of showing the interaction of related cultures in the context of this plant in the historical process. This interaction manifests itself from both in the common names of the plant and in its use in traditional medicine. The aim of this study is to investigate the use of Peganum harmala L. species, which is naturally growing in Turkey, in the field of health in Medieval Anatolia. In the study, at the beginning of XIII century to until the middle of the XV century in the medical works written, compilation and translated in Anatolia, examples of the use of P. harmala taxon alone or in combination with other plants in various diseases were given and thus the medical importance of the plant was tried to be revealed.

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