INVESTIGATION OF THE TRADITIONAL HOUSES WITH BASIC DESIGN PRINCIPLES IN THE CONTEXT OF SUSTAINABLE DESIGN: KALEICI/ ANTALYA EXAMPLE

Abstract

Author(s): Ecem ZEL* and Ayse SAGSOZ**

The industrial revolution that took place in the 18th century and the industrialization phenomenon that started afterwards caused the balance of human and nature to deteriorate and the emergence of environmental problems. Rapid and unplanned urbanization, technological development after the industrial revolution, increase in fossil energy resources; He created the idea of living together with nature without giving the environment to the environment. In the 20th century, in order to find solutions to problems arising from environmental pollution and excessive use of energy resources, a sustainable architectural approach was put forward with design principles that take into account existing land and climate data and to utilize renewable energy resources. Yet, the harmony of the design with the natural environment and climatic data has been noticed a long time ago. Traditional dwellings have survived to the present day as original and sustainable works because they contain a building and settlement experience that has lasted for centuries, produce solutions suitable for environmental conditions, reflect their own life styles, cultures, traditions and customs. Traditional architecture is the most important reflection of the ecological approach and, when consciously analyzed, it is an example of environmental problems encountered today.

In this context, since the basic design principles are facilitators and guides in making arrangements, the aim of the study is to reveal the relationship between sustainable and traditional architecture in terms of symmetry, rhythm, balance and contrast. For the purposes of the study, six Kaleiçi Houses located in Kaleiçi settlement, which is the historical city center of Antalya and has traditional architectural features, were taken as an example. While the compliance of Kaleiçi Houses with sustainable design criteria was evaluated in line with the basic design principles, it was aimed to reveal the similarities and differences of traditional architectural formations through the sample group. Kaleiçi Houses were evaluated according to the criteria of design inputs and analyzes created.

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