Author(s): Salih SALBACAK
With 18th century of the Ottoman Empire, the westernization process which onset history was accelerated by continuing together with initiative of one’s sultans cum leaders of the 19th centenary. In this long century of Ottoman history that diplomatic and social turmoil was experienced, an idea that strived to westernize with all its institutions and tried to keep the state together, created a new army by reforming the military field. The western experts applied for the formation of this army have pioneered not only the army but also the reforms that penetrate social life. While the reforms that will affect the education, health and social life order are being implemented, new building types that all these areas will take place have emerged and architecture and interiors have become open to western influences. In addition to its traditional tendencies in the Ottoman architecture that comprehends the classical period, intensely decorated trends from the west are also added. Again in this century, The Society of the Architects of Hassa was closed and the period of foreign architects in Ottoman architecture begins, new building programs and styles started to be built in the Ottoman geography. In this study, the face of the Ottoman that turned west in this long century and the spatial regeneration of Payitaht Istanbul are examined. The continuation of the study focuses on the architectural trends of the period, an attempt by a Frenchborn decorator to organize the important interior places of the Ottoman Empire and an important structure of the 19th century interior history focuses on the Küçüksu Pavilion (Summer Palace).