INTERACTION OF DURKHEIM'S VIEW OF HUMAN NATURE WITH KANT

Abstract

Author(s): Sedat DO?AN

In the sociological literature, Durkheim is generally referred to as metatheorical positions such as ontologism, realism, materialism, naturalism, and positivism, and is interpreted as the methodological counterpart of individualism associated with Kant. However, neither Kant is an individualist, nor Durkheim accepts these positions. Durkheim tends to understand such interpretations as “stigmatization” and sought ways to express himself better. Indeed, these interpretations, which seem consistent with the final consequences of his sociology, are incomplete and inaccurate according to philosophical character of his groundwork. Durkheim attempted to correct his basic texts through his various writings, which he developed in dialectical relationship with such misunderstandings, and to arbitrate the groundwork line. Although he specifically wants to build a sociology free from philosophy and history, he is aware of the difference between "making sociology” and "building sociology" and that the latter is a philosophical activity. Thus, this initiative belongs to the field of “philosophy of social sciences” or “metaphysics of sciences”. As with the Aristotelian tradition, also for Kant any given scientific discipline can not constitute itself without a metaphysical groundwork. Indeed, Kant has done exceptional works in this regard, and Durkheim is making an accurate Kant reading in this respect. Because the three basic works of Kant's critical period include the groundworks for natural sciences, metaphysics of morals, and social sciences. In this study, the justification of Durkheim will be examined; Durkheim agrees with Kant in his traditional metaphysical critique and opposes Kant in the reconstruction of social sciences. The basis of this study will be his article about human nature and writings about methodology

Announcements

You can send your paper at https://www.scholarscentral.org/submissions/international-social-research.html

  • The Journal of International Social Research / Uluslararası Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi ISSN: 1307-9581, an international, peer-reviewed, on the web publication, from 2007 will be issued least four times annualy.
  • Our journal is an independent academic publication based on research in social sciences, contributing to its field and trying to publish scientific articles that will bring innovation to the original and social sciences.
  • The journal has got an international editorial board and referee board, mainly embodied from the each individually professional on the social research fields.
  • Uluslararası Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi / The Journal of International Social Research became a member of Cross Reff since 2014 and started to assign DOI numbers to the articles. image
Google Scholar citation report
Citations : 27

The Journal of International Social Research received 27 citations as per Google Scholar report

The Journal of International Social Research peer review process verified by publons
Get the App