INSIDE THE REPUBLICAN PERIOD OF MIGRATION MOVEMENTS IN TURKEY

Abstract

Author(s): Y羹ksel KA?TAN

Turkey in the city center after the establishment of the Republic, to the city center after restructuring in 1926 the number of cities and begin a fairly weak migration from rural areas to the newly founded city. Essentially, prepared in 1933 and implemented in 1934 near I.Five Years Industry Development Plan needs to be established by the state industrial enterprises started working in the framework of this migration, including the environment and starts a remote environment. To create a spiral effect trades in the context of other needs of the people around industrial investments, the notables, the art connoisseur to migrate here. Then transportation of the state population migration, infrastructure, education, health and communication needs again to continue migration in this region. The most typical example is the foundation of which was laid Karabük Iron and Steel Enterprises in 1937 as a village in 1937, which later Karabük municipality, district and province in 1995 would be. The second wave of migration from rural areas to urban centers in Turkey occurred in 1950 after the government of the DP period. In 1960 and 1990 the country so quickly from rural areas to urban centers, the Black Sea, the East and Southeast of the city and migration towards the rural areas of the country's western region began to move. Migration of rural families living in slum areas, children can learn to more vocational training institutions and were being directed to the profession after school. The increasing tourism activities in the country after 1990, and also begin to move-season vegetable growing migration to the province of Antalya in order to find jobs in other sectors. In fact, Antalya retired, capital owners, professionals, educated families migrate in order to provide a better education to their children. The reasons for migration concept of migration In this study, the advantages and disadvantages of living in migration, migration and emerging problems were determined.

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