INCREASED DROUGHT IN TURKEY AND POSSIBLE RESULTS: LACK OF WATER, SCARCITY AND ECONOMIC PROBLEMS

Abstract

Author(s): Salman ZPEKE

Officials of the General Directorate of Meteorology reveal that the drought issue is the most common in Turkey, with the most impact and severity of 31 disasters. Despite this determination, the absence of a detailed Drought Management Plan in Turkey is an important source of increasing the negative effects of the issue. One of the negative effects of drought is the problems in food supply and increased inflation. In this study, relations between the drought issue and food supply and inflation were revealed. The results show that the drought issue triggers inflation in a country where the issue of inflation, such as Turkey, is a serious problem. According to the 2018 wheat status report of the Chamber of Agricultural Engineers, the average wheat yield in Turkey is 277 kg/decares. On the other hand, due to the significant effect of drought in turkey in 2008, the yield of the wheat plant fell by 57 kg to 220 kg/decar. This is reflected in the inflation figures. One of the measures to be taken in this regard is the increase of drought monitoring centers that are in close contact with farmers by expert researchers and use up-to-date technologies.

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