IN THE CONTEXT OF MAYY?F?RIQ?N?S ISLAMIZATION PROCESS AND MUSLIM-NON-MUSLIM RELATIONS: SILVAN CHALDEAN CHURCH CONSTRUCTION EXAMPLE

Abstract

Author(s): mer Akta?*

The beginning of Islamic conquests, next to new settlements, allowed people of different cultures and religions to enter the rule of Muslims. One of the best examples of this is the Silvan experience, whose former name was Meyyâfârikîn. Meyyâfârikîn, conquered during the reign of Hz. Omar, maintained its social, cultural, ethnic and religious wealth until the last years of the Ottoman Empire. So much so that non-Muslims living here have benefited from the tolerance of Muslims and lived their religion freely in places of worship. In addition to the persecution and violence seen in many societies, except Islamic societies, during the historical process, religious and political pressures were not applied to non-Muslims. Here in this article topics will be discussed about the construction process of Silvan Chaldean Church, which is one of the best examples of Islam and Muslims' tolerance towards non-Muslims and was built in the last quarter of the 19th century. In the study, firstly, historical information about Meyyafarikin will be given, and then the information about the construction of the church will be tried to be explained by making use of archive documents. The information obtained will be handled and evaluated with a chronological approach.

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