IN B▄Y▄KăEKMECE FARMS ACCORDING TO RECORD OF TEMETTUAT IN 19TH CENTURY

Abstract

Author(s): Arif KOLAY

In the Ottoman Empire, large pieces of land that could be driven by double oxen were expressed as "farms". Prior to this, a small farmer was a large unit of land that the family could afford, but later it gained a meaning that meant big agricultural enterprises. Farms were given through “has, zeamet, timar” or property. In other words, they were the high-ranking statesmen, especially members of the palace, and the money-rich farmers who saved money. Some were operated through partnership, while some were leased by undersecretaries. Some of the farms later became farmers. Büyükçekmece farms can be evaluated in this context. There are twenty-three recordings of these farms in the book of dated 1840 dated to us. The owners and owners of the farms are definite. These farms are XIX. The situation in the middle of the century was handled in accordance with the information given by the book of mortgages. After the general introduction, information on the historical development of Büyükçekmece was given and then the owners, the taxes they paid, the taxpayers, the animal species and numbers of the farms, the assets and the assets of the farms and the total income of the mentioned farms were discussed. Lastly, given tables are given for better understanding of the subject.

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