IMPORTANCE OF CHILDREN MUSEUMS AND INTERIOR DESIGN APPROACHES

Abstract

Author(s): Elif DEM?R, Deniz DEM?RARSLAN

Children's museums have become the most important educational places that assist schools and contribute to the growth of children in social, cognitive and psychomotor areas with the replacement of classical museology in the 20th century by modern museology. The Brooklyn Children's Museum, opened in 1899 in New York, the United States of America, is the world's first children's museum, inspired by the ideas of John Dewey, Maria Montessori, and Jean Piegat, one of the period 's major thinkers. The starting point of this museum was to encourage the curiosity and desire of children to experience and study, to encourage them to learn by touch and to facilitate the opening of many museums for children. Children's museums should be built to meet the needs of today's children, which we might call the millennial generation, with the advent of technology. For this purpose, space designs are needed where visual, tactile, auditory functions are best designed and interactive areas of display are used. The meaning, historical creation and interior approaches of museums for children are explored in this study with a literature review from written sources. Research findings have been examined in three exhibition areas, especially the interior space of the structural approaches operating as a children's museum in the world and Turkey. The aim of the research is to contribute to literature and serve as an auxiliary resource for interior architects and architects involved in the design of the museum for children.

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