IMPACT OF ELEVATION ON ECONOMIC FACTORS: CASE OF BABAI AND SERDARLI (TORTUM-ERZURUM)

Abstract

Author(s): Fatih ARICI, Zerrin KARAKUZULU

Elevation is an important topographic factor that forms physical and human geography of settlements. Elevation effects physical factors of settlement such as climate, vegetation, hydrography and soil, and also population distribution, settlement, and properties of economic geography. In this respect, elevation difference provide basis for rise of direct or indirect difference. This issue is more visible over the hilly areas where elevation change in a short distance. The effect of altitude is clearly observed in the study area of Baba? and Serdarl?. Indeed, the distance between Baba? and Serdarl? settlements is only 20 km. However, 450 m altitude of difference has resulted differentiation of economic activities in both of the settlement. While Baba? is dominated with agriculture, Serdarl? is improved with animal husbandry.

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