Author(s): Erdem ANAK

With signing of the Armistice of Mudros at the end of First World War, Ottoman Empire was officially defeated. After a short time, its territories started to be occupied according to the armistice terms. On March 16, 1920, the capital city, Istanbul was occupied. One of the first acts of the occupation forces, was to disassemble Meclis-i Mebusan (Ottoman Parliament). Upon this development, Mustafa Kemal declared that a new assembly was to be gathered in Ankara and asked five deputies from each sanjak to be selected for the new assembly. The new assembly, which was formed by the election result, started working onApril 23, 1920, with the participation of some elected representatives. A new election was called on April 1, 1923, to renew the assembly, as it completed its duty with the successfull conclusion of the War of Independence. The new assembly, which started working in August 1923 after the election was completed, continued to work until 1927. The first of these two assemblies directed the War of Independence successfully and gained independence; the latter declared the Republic of Turkey and put many new reforms in motion. The basis of the study is the members of these assemblies who represent Kozan and their activities. Kozan was represented by five deputies in the first assembly and by two deputies in the second. Without a doubt, the most interesting one of those deputies is Field Marshall Fevzi Çakmak.


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