HISTORICAL PROGRESS AND CURRENT STATE OF HIGWAY TRANSPORTATION IN TURKEY WITH RESPECT TO TRANSPORTATION GEOGRAPHY

Abstract

Author(s): Erol KAPLUHAN

The Turkish Republic gave priority to railroads in their transportation policy. According to the results of this study the transportation policies for the highway transportation had been seen as a system integrating with the railway transportation until 1950s. However, after 1950s, the railways had been nearly ignored and the highways construction by Marshall aids became the main practice. As a result of the highways dominated transportation policies of the planned period, the highway transportation has become the main transportation system in Turkey. Today the highway transportation is made in the % 90,5 of the passenger transport and % 87,4 of freight transport in Turkey. Freight transport on roads is the most preferred type of transport in Turkey. In this study, the development of this system between the foundation of the Republic and the present is investigated periodically and the highway transportation system which currently became the dominated transportation system in Turkey is examined.

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