Author(s): Ramin SADIGOV
Until the beginning of the 18th century, the southern and northern Caucasus was a region where the Ottomans, Iran and Russia compete vigorously. Russia, determined to capture the region's rich fortunes, had all its attention to the southern shores of the Caspian after Prut's defeat. According to Russia, the Caspian Lake should now become an "inner sea" and the whole of Azerbaijan and Georgia on the eastern and western trade routes must be completely seized. To be able to do this targer, first of all the sovereignty had to be over Georgia which was the Christian nation of the region. Georgia was the gateway to both the south and Azerbaijan. Moreover, in the early part of the 18th century, the sate was in a weak state because of internal strife. He was also disturbed by the Ottoman and Iranian raids. Because of this, Russia decided to have Eastern Georgia first. In this study, the process from the first contact between Russians and Georgians until the connection of Eastern Georgia to Tsarist Russia was evaluated. For this reason, the archives of the period published and the works of literature have been carefully examined and the care has been taken to bring the subject to the world of science in the light of the original sources.