Author(s): M. Sami BAYRAKTAR

In Samsun where most of the remaining historical buildings belong to Otoman Period, there have been 3 mosques, 1 tomb, 1 inn belongigng to Anatolian Seljuks and one mosque belonging to Ilhhanid Period. There have been remarkable buildings among them although the aforesaid buildings are low in number. Çaramba Gökçeli Mosque (1206) and Çaramba Yayc?lar Village eyh Habil Mosque (1211), remaining from Anatolian Seljuks Period, are prototyps of the wooden mosque custom pertaining to Samsun. Those two mosques must have been the earliest Turkish wooden mosques. The wooden mosques started to be built after the Turkish buildings in Anatolia have to be in typological publications. In those mosques, rough workmanship, practical and functional manner, simple ornamental mentality is seen. The protection of the wooden mosques which are the precious examples of the original building tradition is of vital importance for Turkish architecture as well as the region. Havza Dereköy Veliyyüddin Bin Bereket ah Mosque (1249-50) is the oldest single-domed mosque around Samsun district. The tomb next to the mosque in accordance with its period and a simple example is the only Anatolian Seljuks tomb in Samsun. The plan the architecture of the available sections of Çakall? Inn on Amasya-Samsun pack trail is extremely in accordance with the other inns of that period. Samsun Kale Mosque (1323) documenting Ilkhanid domination with its oldest inscription in Samsun has importance altough it has lost its original architecture on a large scale.


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