Historical and systematic theology


Author(s): James Franklin*

Modern Old Testament theology can be traced back to Johann Gabler, a German Enlightenment scholar, in the latter part of the 18th century. He disagreed with the prevalent view that the Bible's function was to present divine truths for the discipline of church dogmatics to arrange in systematic order. Instead, Gabler attempted to find a middle ground between biblical theology as a method of systematic theology and biblical theology as a historical exercise with the goal of reconstructing the history of Israelite religious ideas and using the Bible's most important, universal ideas to address contemporary issues. (Classical Old Testament Theologies) Until the latter part of the 20th century, this distinction dominated biblical theology, allowing for the distinction between ancient belief and contemporary faith. The historical-critical model of biblical interpretation's undeniable dominance and the primacy of human reason as a knowledge source have, however, been severely undermined in recent years. Gabler's long-standing dichotomy began to dissipate, and the two areas began to collaborate on a common project. In Old Testament theologies that emphasized the role of creation, history came to be at least partially eclipsed, and some canonical approaches displaced it almost entirely (The Transition from History to Creation and Canon). Newer approaches, such as feminist, liberation, and postcolonial strategies, that originate from historically underrepresented cultural contexts, have only accelerated this trend (New Approaches to Old Testament Theologies). Even though scholars varying worldviews, ethnic identities, and shifting cultures have always been reflected in theology, this has only recently been explicitly acknowledged. We have moved beyond the exciting times of the search for a single biblical theology in an irreversible manner. The field of Old Testament theology is now flooded with numerous approaches and descriptions. This extensive variety, which exemplifies the diversity of human communities and cultures, has the potential to offer fresh perspectives on what it means to be human.


You can send your paper at

  • The Journal of International Social Research / Uluslararası Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi ISSN: 1307-9581, an international, peer-reviewed, on the web publication, from 2007 will be issued least four times annualy.
  • Our journal is an independent academic publication based on research in social sciences, contributing to its field and trying to publish scientific articles that will bring innovation to the original and social sciences.
  • The journal has got an international editorial board and referee board, mainly embodied from the each individually professional on the social research fields.
  • Uluslararası Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi / The Journal of International Social Research became a member of Cross Reff since 2014 and started to assign DOI numbers to the articles. image
Google Scholar citation report
Citations : 27

The Journal of International Social Research received 27 citations as per Google Scholar report

The Journal of International Social Research peer review process verified by publons
Get the App